Homepage  /  News

Malta reforms law on embryo freezing and gamete donation

Jennifer Willows

Progress Educational Trust

08 October 2018

| | | |
[BioNews, London]

Malta's Embryo Protection (Amendment) Act, which came into effect on 1 October, has widened access to IVF and legalised gamete donation and embryo freezing. 

The act updates Malta's 2012 Embryo Protection Act, which had restricted access to fertility treatment to heterosexual couples, and outlawed gamete donation and surrogacy.

The country's Prime Minister Joseph Muscat said in April that the update of IVF laws aimed to 'push forward the concept of equality that favours life'.

The new act raises the age limit for women undergoing IVF from 43 to 48. In addition, anyone over 18 can now seek fertility treatment, which will enable single and lesbian women to start families. While the wording of the act is inclusive of gay and single men, in practice the fact that surrogacy remains illegal means they cannot benefit. 

The decriminalisation of non-commercial surrogacy was included in earlier drafts of the bill, but it was subsequently removed and will be considered as a separate bill in future.

Gamete donation will be permitted for the first time under the new rules, but it will be tightly regulated. Each donor is only allowed to donate once, and that donation can only be used to create one family. 

The new law also permits embryos to be frozen. Previously, only two eggs could be fertilised in an IVF cycle and both had to be transferred to the woman. If more eggs were collected they could be frozen unfertilised. Embryo freezing was permitted only in exceptional circumstances, such as when the prospective mother suffers a serious illness or injury between fertilisation and the planned transfer date.

Under the new law, up to five embryos can be created, of which a maximum of two may be transferred at a time. 
However, the Catholic country's prohibition on embryo destruction will remain. Embryo research remains illegal, and even embryos with serious defects may not be discarded.

If more than two embryos are created, they must be frozen and subsequently used to try to establish a pregnancy. If frozen embryos remain once the family is complete, or the woman reaches age 48, the embryos must be made available for 'adoption', so they are not destroyed or left frozen indefinitely.

SOURCES & REFERENCES

Embryo Freezing And Gamete Donation: Malta's Laws On Assisted Reproduction Have Just Changed, And Here's What That Means
Lovin Malta |  2 October 2018
IVF: Health Committee approves protocol that allows fertilisation of up to five eggs
Malta Independent |  14 September 2018
Parliament's health committee unanimously approves amendments to controversial IVF bill
Times of Malta |  14 September 2018



http://www.BioNews.org.uk
© Copyright Progress Educational Trust

Reproduced with permission from BioNews, an email and online sources of news, information and comment on assisted reproduction and genetics.

Share IVF News on FaceBook   Share IVF News on Google+   Share IVF News on Twitter

Page Views: 317
Add to Favorites | Reply to Ad | Tell Your Friends
Date Added: 08 October 2018   Date Updated: 08 October 2018
Customer Reviews (0)
write a review
(No reviews found. You may write the first one!)


Join Our Newsletter - Don't Miss Anything!!!

Stay in touch with the latest news by subscribing to our regular email newsletters